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Major dialectal divisions of Dakota, Lakota, Assiniboine and Stoney
The designation "Siouan-Proper" is used here to avoid the word "Sioux" which
is in formal situations generally rejected as a self-designation of the Dakota
and Lakota speaking people. No other word for the politically allied Dakota
and Lakota people exists.
|dialect / group
The map below shows the location of dialect groups approximately around 1860.
Many of these language divisions have further distinctions
within them. For example, Yankton and Yanktonai form two subdialects within
the Yankton-Yantonai group; in the Santee-Sissetons Dakota, Sisseton has slightly
different from the other three Santee tribes. Subdialects differences exist
also among the Lakota speakers, especially between the southern Oglala-Sicangu
group and five northern Lakota groups.
Notice that popular literature designates the Yankton-Yanktonai dialect as
Nakota. In fact Nakota is the self-designation of the Assiniboine people while
the Yanktons and Yanktonais call themselves Dakota even though their dialect
varies from that of the Santees located east from them.
The next map shows placement of the dialect groups on the current reservations.
(Move mouse cursor over the reservation areas to reveal information on tribes,
dialect and population. In Win XP, if the yellow bar at the top of the window
is active, you have to enable this function by right-click on the bar.)
The tree diagram below shows the place of Dakota and Lakota within the Siouan
The diagram below shows the approximate dates of the language
and dialect splits.
(Courtesy of Wil Meya, unpublished manuscript, 2004)
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Editing and web design by (C) Jan F. Ullrich, e-mail: jfuNOSPAM@lakhota.org
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